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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2004 ; Issue 9241591455 - in English: Adolescent Pregnancy Issues in Adolescent Health and Development ; Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development

By World Health Organization


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
The World Health Organization (WHO) would like to thank the author of this review, Professor P Treffers of the Netherlands. The helpful suggestions and contributions to the document made by Dr ‘P Olukoya is gratefully acknowledged. Many thanks also go to (in alphabetical order): Dr H Bathija, Dr C Cassanova, Dr V Chandra-Mouli, Dr S Crowley, Dr R Ekpini, Dr L De Bernis, Ms J Ferguson, Dr P Henderson, Dr C Vallenas, Dr P Van Look and Dr J Villar of WHO; Dr R Guidotti, Dr J Liljestrand, Ms D Roth and Ms A Thompson all formerly of the WHO; and the WHO regional advisers on adolescent health and development from the WHO AFRO, EMRO, EURO, PAHO, SEARO, and WPRO regional offices. Grateful thanks also go to Dr A Langer, Professor F Okonofua and Dr D Takkar. We are grateful to Dr A L Waddell for editorial support. We acknowledge the generous financial support of the Swedish International Development Agency and the United Nations Population Fund.

Table of Contents
CONTENTS Acknowledgements ................................................................................................................................. iv Preface .................................................................................................................................. v PART 1: Introduction 1.1: Preamble ............................................................................................................................... 1 1.2: Aims, content and methodology of this review................................................................. 2 PART 2: Incidence of adolescent pregnancies 2.1: Definitions ............................................................................................................................... 5 2.2: Incidence in various regions and countries ............................................................................ 5 2.3: Summary ................................................................................................................................ 10 PART 3: Social background 3.1: Ethnic differences .............................................................................................................. 11 3.2: Social deprivation .............................................................................................................. 11 3.3: Age at marriage .................................................................................................................. 12 3.4: Sexual behaviour, contraceptive use and unplanned pregnancy .................................... 13 3.5: Unsafe abortion ................................................................................................................. 15 3.6: Physical abuse .................................................................................................................... 16 3.7: Risk behaviour ................................................................................................................... 17 3.8: Education and urbanization ............................................................................................. 19 3.9: Summary ............................................................................................................................ 19 PART 4: Pregnancy 4.1: Hypertensive disorders ...................................................................................................... 21 4.2: Anaemia ............................................................................................................................. 22 4.3: Malaria ............................................................................................................................... 23 4.4: HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) ..................................... 24 4.5: Iodine deficiency ................................................................................................................ 24

 

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